Birmingham

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Birmingham.
Birmingham.

Birmingham (Yîn-ngî: Birmingham) he Yîn-koet Yîn-kak-làn West Midlands khî-vet West Midlands khiùn ke Thai-hîn kûng-ngia̍p sàng-sṳ, kí 2013-ngièn thúng-kie sú-sṳ, kâi sàng ngìn-khiéu yû 1,092,330 ngìn, he Yîn-koet chhù Lùn-tûn ngoi chui-thai ke sàng-sṳ[1]. Khì só-chhai ke West Midlands chû ha̍p tû-sṳ chhai 2011-ngièn yû 2,440,986 ngìn, he Yîn-koet thi-sâm-thai kien sṳ̀n khî [2], khì Tû-fi-khî chhai 2012-ngièn yû 3,701,107 ngìn, he Yîn-koet thi-ngi thai Tû-fi-khî. [3]

chhai chûng Sṳ-ki ke sṳ̀-hèu Birmingham chṳ́-he yit-ke chûng hîn ke si̍p chṳ́n, 18 Sṳ-ki sṳ̀n-vì Yîn-koet chûng-phu thi-khî khí mùng yun-thûng ke Fat-ngièn-thi, kâ-sông sùi-heu ke kûng-ngia̍p kiet miang, Birmingham ke Koet-chi thi-vi thai vì thì-kô [4]. Hien-chhai Birmingham chú-yeu yî fu̍k-vu-ngia̍p vì-chú [5], he Beta kip chhiòn-khiù sàng-sṳ[6]. Khì tû-fi kîn-chi thí chhai Yîn-koet ya kiùn chhṳ́ yî Lùn-tûn [3], kâ-sông chhṳ́ thi yû liuk só Thai-ho̍k, Birmingham sṳ̀n-vì-liáu Lùn-tûn yî-ngoi chui-thai ke kô-tén kau-yuk chûng-sîm [7].

Kién-kie[phiên-siá | Kói ngièn-sṳ́-mâ]

Kîn-chi[phiên-siá | Kói ngièn-sṳ́-mâ]

Chṳn-chhṳ[phiên-siá | Kói ngièn-sṳ́-mâ]

Vùn-fa lâu kau-yuk[phiên-siá | Kói ngièn-sṳ́-mâ]

Yîm-ngo̍k[phiên-siá | Kói ngièn-sṳ́-mâ]

Thai-ho̍k[phiên-siá | Kói ngièn-sṳ́-mâ]

Thù-sû-kwón[phiên-siá | Kói ngièn-sṳ́-mâ]

Chhùng-yeu ngìn-vu̍t[phiên-siá | Kói ngièn-sṳ́-mâ]

Yû-hó sàng-sṳ[phiên-siá | Kói ngièn-sṳ́-mâ]

Chhâm-kháu vùn-hien[phiên-siá | Kói ngièn-sṳ́-mâ]

  1. "2011 Census: Population and household estimates fact file, unrounded estimates, local authorities in England and Wales (Excel sheet 708Kb)" (xls). Office for National Statistics. 24 September 2012. 30 December 2013 chhà-khon. 
  2. "2011 Census - Built-up areas". ONS. 4 July 2013 chhà-khon. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Istrate, Emilia; Nadeau, Carey Anne (November 2012). "Global MetroMonitor". Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution. 23 December 2013 chhà-khon. 
  4. 模板:Harvnb; 模板:Harvnb
  5. "Employee jobs (2012)". Nomis – official labour market statistics. Office for National Statistics. 29 March 2014 chhà-khon. 
  6. "The World According to GaWC 2010". Globalization and World Cities Research Network. 18 September 2011 chhà-khon. 
  7. "Table 0 – All students by institution, mode of study, level of study and domicile 2008/09". Higher education Statistics Agency. 31 January 2011 chhà-khon. ; Aldred, Tom (2009). "University Challenge: Growing the Knowledge Economy in Birmingham" (pdf). London: Centre for Cities. p. 12. 11 November 2013 chhà-khon.