Phìn

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Phìn,  5B
ngoi-kôn
black-brown

boron (β-rhombohedral)[1]
Kî-pún sin-sit
Miàng, fù-ho Phìn, B
Yîn-ngî boron
thùng-su-thí α-, β-rhombohedral, β-tetragonal (and more)
ngoi-hìn black-brown
Phìn chhai chû-khì-péu ke vi-chi
Khiâng (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Hoi (hî-yù hi-thí)
Lithium (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Beryllium (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Phìn (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Than (tô-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Tham (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Yông (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Fuk (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Nái (hî-yù hi-thí)
Na̍p (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Magnesium (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Lî (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Si̍t (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Lìn (tô-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Liù-vòng (tô-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Liu̍k (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Argon (hî-yù hi-thí)
Kap (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Koi (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Scandium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Titanium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Vanadium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Chromium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Manganese (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Thiet (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Cobalt (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Nickel (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Thùng (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Â-yèn (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Gallium (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Germanium (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Phî (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Selenium (tô-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Chhiu (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Krypton (hî-yù hi-thí)
Rubidium (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Strontium (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Yttrium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Zirconium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Niobium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Molybdenum (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Technetium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Ruthenium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Rhodium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Palladium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Ngiùn (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Cadmium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Indium (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Siak (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Antimony (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Tellurium (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Tién (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Xenon (hî-yù hi-thí)
Caesium (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Barium (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Lanthanum (lanthanum-hi)
Cerium (lanthanum-hi)
Praseodymium (lanthanum-hi)
Neodymium (lanthanum-hi)
Promethium (lanthanum-hi)
Samarium (lanthanum-hi)
Europium (lanthanum-hi)
Gadolinium (lanthanum-hi)
Terbium (lanthanum-hi)
Dysprosium (lanthanum-hi)
Holmium (lanthanum-hi)
Erbium (lanthanum-hi)
Thulium (lanthanum-hi)
Ytterbium (lanthanum-hi)
Lutetium (lanthanum-hi)
Hafnium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Tantalum (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Tungsten (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Rhenium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Osmium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Iridium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Pha̍k-kîm (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Kîm (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Súi-ngiùn (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Thallium (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Yèn (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Bismuth (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Polonium (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Astatine (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Radon (hî-yù hi-thí)
Francium (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Radium (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Actinium (actinium-hi)
Thorium (actinium-hi)
Protactinium (actinium-hi)
Uranium (actinium-hi)
Neptunium (actinium-hi)
Plutonium (actinium-hi)
Americium (actinium-hi)
Curium (actinium-hi)
Berkelium (actinium-hi)
Californium (actinium-hi)
Einsteinium (actinium-hi)
Fermium (actinium-hi)
Mendelevium (actinium-hi)
Nobelium (actinium-hi)
Lawrencium (actinium-hi)
Rutherfordium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Dubnium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Seaborgium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Bohrium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Hassium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)


B

Al
berylliumPhìnThan
ngièn-chṳ́ sì-sú 5
ngièn-chṳ́-liòng 10.81[2] (10.806–10.821)[3]
ngièn-su lui-phe̍t   lui-kîm-su̍k
Chhu̍k, fûn-khî 13 chhu̍k, p-block
chû-khì period 2
thien-chṳ́ phài-lie̍t [He] 2s2 2p1
per shell 2, 3
vu̍t-lî sin-chṳt
Siông ku-thí
yùng-tiám 2349 K ​(2076 °C, ​3769 °F)
pui-tiám 4200 K ​(3927 °C, ​7101 °F)
yùng-tiám ke yi̍t-thí me̍t-thu 2.08 g·cm−3
Yùng-fa-ngie̍t 50.2 kJ·mol−1
Chîn-fat-ngie̍t 508 kJ·mol−1
Ngie̍t-yùng-liong 11.087 J·mol−1·K−1
chîn-hi-ap
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
chhai T (K) 2348 2562 2822 3141 3545 4072
Ngièn-chṳ́ sin-chṳt
Yông-fa-su 3, 2, 1, −1, −5[4][5] ​(a mildly acidic oxide)
Thien-fu-sin Pauling scale: 2.04
Thien-lì-nèn 1st: 800.6 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 2427.1 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 3659.7 kJ·mol−1
(more)
Ngièn-chṳ́ pan-kang empirical: 90 pm
Khiung-ka pan-kang 84±3 pm
Van der Waals pan-kang 192 pm
Miscellanea
Chîn-thí keu-chhorhombohedral
Rhombohedral crystal structure for Phìn
Sâng-suk thin rod 16,200 m·s−1 (at 20 °C)
Ngie̍t-phàng-chong β form: 5–7 µm·m−1·K−1 (at 25 °C)[6]
Ngie̍t-chhòn-thô-li̍t 27.4 W·m−1·K−1
Thien-chú-li̍t ~106 Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Chhṳ̀-sin diamagnetic[7]
Mohs hardness ~9.5
CAS Registry Number 7440-42-8
Le̍k-sú
Fat-hien Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac and Louis Jacques Thénard[8] (30 June 1808)
First isolation Humphry Davy[9] (9 July 1808)
Chui vún-thin ke thùng-vi-su
Chú vùn-chông: Phìn ke thùng-vi-su
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
10B 19.9(7)% 10B is stable with 5 neutrons[10]
11B 80.1(7)% 11B is stable with 6 neutrons[10]
10B content may be as low as 19.1% and as high as 20.3% in natural samples. 11B is the remainder in such cases.[11]

Phìn (硼) he yit-tsúng Fa-ho̍k Ngièn-su, fa-ho̍k fù-ho vì B, ngièn-tsṳ́ su-muk he 5, tshai Ngièn-su Tsû-khì péu chûng thi-ńg vi.

  1. Van Setten et al. 2007, pp. 2460–1
  2. Conventional Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  3. Standard Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  4. Zhang, K.Q.; Guo, B.; Braun, V.; Dulick, M.; Bernath, P.F. (1995). "Infrared Emission Spectroscopy of BF and AIF" (PDF). J. Molecular Spectroscopy 170: 82. Bibcode:1995JMoSp.170...82Z. doi:10.1006/jmsp.1995.1058. 
  5. 模板:Cite article
  6. Holcombe Jr., C. E.; Smith, D. D.; Lorc, J. D.; Duerlesen, W. K.; Carpenter; D. A. (October 1973). "Physical-Chemical Properties of beta-Rhombohedral Boron". High Temp. Sci. 5 (5): 349–57. 
  7. Lide, David R. (ed.) (2000). Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (PDF). CRC press. ISBN 0849304814. 
  8. Gay Lussac, J.L. and Thenard, L.J. (1808). "Sur la décomposition et la recomposition de l'acide boracique". Annales de chimie 68: 169–174. 
  9. Davy H (1809). "An account of some new analytical researches on the nature of certain bodies, particularly the alkalies, phosphorus, sulphur, carbonaceous matter, and the acids hitherto undecomposed: with some general observations on chemical theory". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 99: 39–104. doi:10.1098/rstl.1809.0005. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Atomic Weights and Isotopic Compositions for All Elements". National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2008-09-21 chhà-khon. 
  11. Szegedi, S.; Váradi, M.; Buczkó, Cs. M.; Várnagy, M.; Sztaricskai, T. (1990). "Determination of boron in glass by neutron transmission method". Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry Letters 146 (3): 177. doi:10.1007/BF02165219.