Tellurium

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Tellurium,  52Te
ngoi-kôn
silvery lustrous gray (crystalline),
brown-black powder (amorphous)
Kî-pún sin-sit
Miàng, fù-ho tellurium, Te
ngoi-hìn silvery lustrous gray (crystalline),
brown-black powder (amorphous)
Tellurium chhai chû-khì-péu ke vi-chi
Khiâng (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Hoi (hî-yù hi-thí)
Lithium (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Beryllium (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Phìn (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Than (tô-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Tham (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Yông (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Fuk (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Nái (hî-yù hi-thí)
Na̍p (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Magnesium (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Lî (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Si̍t (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Lìn (tô-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Liù-vòng (tô-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Liu̍k (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Argon (hî-yù hi-thí)
Kap (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Koi (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Scandium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Titanium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Vanadium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Chromium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Manganese (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Thiet (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Cobalt (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Nickel (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Thùng (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Â-yèn (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Gallium (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Germanium (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Phî (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Selenium (tô-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Chhiu (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Krypton (hî-yù hi-thí)
Rubidium (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Strontium (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Yttrium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Zirconium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Niobium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Molybdenum (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Technetium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Ruthenium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Rhodium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Palladium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Ngiùn (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Cadmium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Indium (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Siak (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Antimony (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Tellurium (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Tién (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Xenon (hî-yù hi-thí)
Caesium (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Barium (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Lanthanum (lanthanum-hi)
Cerium (lanthanum-hi)
Praseodymium (lanthanum-hi)
Neodymium (lanthanum-hi)
Promethium (lanthanum-hi)
Samarium (lanthanum-hi)
Europium (lanthanum-hi)
Gadolinium (lanthanum-hi)
Terbium (lanthanum-hi)
Dysprosium (lanthanum-hi)
Holmium (lanthanum-hi)
Erbium (lanthanum-hi)
Thulium (lanthanum-hi)
Ytterbium (lanthanum-hi)
Lutetium (lanthanum-hi)
Hafnium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Tantalum (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Tungsten (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Rhenium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Osmium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Iridium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Pha̍k-kîm (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Kîm (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Súi-ngiùn (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Thallium (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Yèn (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Bismuth (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Polonium (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Astatine (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Radon (hî-yù hi-thí)
Francium (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Radium (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Actinium (actinium-hi)
Thorium (actinium-hi)
Protactinium (actinium-hi)
Uranium (actinium-hi)
Neptunium (actinium-hi)
Plutonium (actinium-hi)
Americium (actinium-hi)
Curium (actinium-hi)
Berkelium (actinium-hi)
Californium (actinium-hi)
Einsteinium (actinium-hi)
Fermium (actinium-hi)
Mendelevium (actinium-hi)
Nobelium (actinium-hi)
Lawrencium (actinium-hi)
Rutherfordium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Dubnium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Seaborgium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Bohrium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Hassium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Se

Te

Po
antimonytelluriumtién
ngièn-chṳ́ sì-sú 52
ngièn-chṳ́-liòng (±) 127.60(3)[1]
ngièn-su lui-phe̍t   lui-kîm-su̍k
Chhu̍k, fûn-khî 16 chhu̍k, p-block
chû-khì period 5
thien-chṳ́ phài-lie̍t [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p4
per shell 2, 8, 18, 18, 6
vu̍t-lî sin-chṳt
Siông ku-thí
yùng-tiám 722.66 K ​(449.51 °C, ​841.12 °F)
pui-tiám 1261 K ​(988 °C, ​1810 °F)
Me̍t-thu near Sit-vûn 6.24 g·cm−3
5.70 g·cm−3
Yùng-fa-ngie̍t 17.49 kJ·mol−1
Chîn-fat-ngie̍t 114.1 kJ·mol−1
Ngie̍t-yùng-liong 25.73 J·mol−1·K−1
chîn-hi-ap
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
chhai T (K)   (775) (888) 1042 1266
Ngièn-chṳ́ sin-chṳt
Yông-fa-su 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, −1, −2 ​(a mildly acidic oxide)
Thien-fu-sin Pauling scale: 2.1
Thien-lì-nèn 1st: 869.3 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1790 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 2698 kJ·mol−1
Ngièn-chṳ́ pan-kang empirical: 140 pm
Khiung-ka pan-kang 138±4 pm
Van der Waals pan-kang 206 pm
Miscellanea
Chîn-thí keu-chhohexagonal
Hexagonal crystal structure for tellurium
Sâng-suk thin rod 2610 m·s−1 (at 20 °C)
Ngie̍t-phàng-chong 18 µm·m−1·K−1[2] (at r.t.)
Ngie̍t-chhòn-thô-li̍t 1.97–3.38 W·m−1·K−1
Chhṳ̀-sin diamagnetic[3]
Young's modulus 43 GPa
Shear modulus 16 GPa
Bulk modulus 65 GPa
Mohs hardness 2.25
Brinell hardness 180–270 MPa
CAS Registry Number 13494-80-9
Le̍k-sú
Hí-miàng after Roman Tellus, deity of the Earth
Fat-hien Franz-Joseph Müller von Reichenstein (1782)
First isolation Martin Heinrich Klaproth
Chui vún-thin ke thùng-vi-su
Chú vùn-chông: tellurium ke thùng-vi-su
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
120Te 0.09% >2.2×1016 y (β+β+) 1.701 120Sn
121Te syn 16.78 d ε 1.040 121Sb
122Te 2.55% (SF) <30.974
123Te 0.89% >9.2×1016 y[4] (ε) 0.051 123Sb
124Te 4.74% (SF) <28.221
125Te 7.07% (SF) <26.966
126Te 18.84% (SF) <26.011
127Te syn 9.35 h β 0.698 127I
128Te 31.74% 2.2×1024 y ββ 0.867 128Xe
129Te syn 69.6 min β 1.498 129I
130Te 34.08% 7.9×1020 y ββ 2.528 130Xe
Decay modes in parentheses are predicted, but have not yet been observed

Tellurium he yit-chúng fa-ho̍k ngièn-su, fa-ho̍k fù-ho vì Te, ngièn-chṳ́ su-muk he 52.

  1. Standard Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  2. http://www.owlnet.rice.edu/~msci301/ThermalExpansion.pdf
  3. Lide, D. R., pian. (2005). "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds". CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (PDF) (86th pán.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 
  4. Alessandrello, A.; Arnaboldi, C.; Brofferio, C.; Capelli, S.; Cremonesi, O.; Fiorini, E.; Nucciotti, A.; Pavan, M.; Pessina, G.; Pirro, S.; Previtali, E.; Sisti, M.; Vanzini, M.; Zanotti, L.; Giuliani, A.; Pedretti, M.; Bucci, C.; Pobes, C. (2003). "New limits on naturally occurring electron capture of 123Te". Physical Review C 67: 014323. Bibcode:2003PhRvC..67a4323A. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.67.014323.