Khiâng

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Khiâng,  1H
ngoi-kôn
colorless gas

Purple glow in its plasma state

Spectral lines of hydrogen
Kî-pún sin-sit
Miàng, fù-ho Khiâng, H
Yîn-ngî hydrogen
ngoi-hìn colorless gas
Khiâng chhai chû-khì-péu ke vi-tsì
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transition metal)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)


H

Li
– ← Khiânghelium
ngièn-chṳ́ sì-sú 1
ngièn-chṳ́-liòng 1.008[1] (1.00784–1.00811)[2]
ngièn-su lui-phe̍t   sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k, could be considered metalloid
Chhu̍k, fûn-khî group 1, s-block
chû-khì period 1
thien-chṳ́ phài-lie̍t 1s1
per shell 1
vu̍t-lî sin-chṳt
ngân-set colorless
Siông hi-thí
yùng-tiám 13.99 K ​(−259.16 °C, ​−434.49 °F)
pui-tiám 20.271 K ​(−252.879 °C, ​−423.182 °F)
me̍t-thu at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa) 0.08988 g·L−1
0.07 g·cm−3 (solid: 0.0763 g·cm−3)[3]
0.07099 g·cm−3
Sâm-siong-tiám 13.8033 K, ​7.041 kPa
lìm-kie-tiám 32.938 K, 1.2858 MPa
Yùng-fa-ngie̍t (H2) 0.117 kJ·mol−1
Chîn-fat-ngie̍t (H2) 0.904 kJ·mol−1
Ngie̍t-yùng-liong (H2) 28.836 J·mol−1·K−1
chîn-hi-ap
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
chhai T (K) 15 20
Ngièn-chṳ́ sin-chṳt
Yông-fa-su −1, +1 ​(an amphoteric oxide)
Thien-fu-sin Pauling scale: 2.20
Thien-lì-nèn 1st: 1312.0 kJ·mol−1
Khiung-ka pan-kang 31±5 pm
Van der Waals pan-kang 120 pm

Khiâng (氫, 輕), fe̍t-chá ham-cho súi-su (水素), he yit-tsúng fa-ho̍k ngièn-su, fa-ho̍k fù-ho vì H, ngièn-tsṳ́ su-muk he 1, tshai Ngièn-su Tsû-khì péu chûng thi-yit vi. Kì ngièn-tsṳ́ he só-yû Ngièn-tsṳ́ chûng chui se-séu ke. Khiâng thûng-sòng ke tân-tsṳt hìn-thai he Khiâng-hi. Kì he mò-set mò-mi mò-tshu, khi̍t-khì yùng-yi sêu-tshiang lâu khi̍t yùng-yi pau-cha ke sûng ngièn-tsṳ́ ke Hi-thí, Khiâng-hi he chui khiâng ke Hi-thí. Kì he yî-tshiu chûng hàm-liòng tsui-kô ke vu̍t-tsṳt. Khiâng ngièn-tsṳ́ tshùn-tshai yî súi fûn-tsṳ́ khi̍p só-yû yû-kî Fa-ho̍k-vu̍t lâu fa̍t-vu̍t chûng. thô-ngie̍t nèn-li̍t thi̍t-phe̍t khiòng-sṳn, kiên Yông fa-ha̍p sṳ̀n-vì súi. Tshôi làng ngiap-thu lâu yit-ke thai hi-ap ha, mî-tsak sṳ̂n Khiâng-hi tsṳ́-yû 0.09-khiet tshûng.


  1. Conventional Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  2. Standard Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  3. Wiberg, Egon; Wiberg, Nils; Holleman, Arnold Frederick (2001). Inorganic chemistry. Academic Press. p. 240. ISBN 0123526515.